The DFM is the first Shari’a-compliant exchange globally since 2007. DFM’s standards are the first of its kind that thoroughly explain the Islamic investment instruments including; Sukuk, shares and green investment funds and called for expansion in utilizing these instruments.
His Excellency Essa Kazim, Chairman of DFM said: “Since 2007, the DFM is playing an active role in the joint efforts to further strengthen Dubai’s leading position in the Islamic economy sector. We have introduced numerous initiatives including the creation of a favorable regulatory framework and standards that support the growth of this sector. We also provide market participants with the classification of the listed companies as per compliance to Shari’a rules as well as the calculation of the non-compliant income and the zakat calculation and we urge investors to disseminate the zakat. These initiatives have been very useful for investors who are looking to invest in line with the Islamic Shari’a rules.”
“In addition to our continuous efforts to expand our array of Shari’a standards as we are currently preparing to launch a new standard on investment funds, we are also committed to review and update the previously issued standards to cater to the rapid developments in the Islamic finance industry. This sector is witnessing a robust momentum as a result of the leading initiative of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President, Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, aimed to fortifying Dubai’s position as the capital of Islamic economy globally. The new additions and updates take into consideration investors’ growing interest in green economy and sustainability,” HE/ Essa Kazim added.
According to the 2018/2019 report on the state of global Islamic economy, the Islamic finance sector is rapidly growing due to the increased demand on Shari’a-compliant finance. Total assets of this sector are estimated at $2.4 trillion and are expected to reach $3.8 trillion by 2023.
Dr. Hussein Hamed Hassan, Chairman of DFM’s Fatwa and Shari’a Supervisory Board said: “The Board has reviewed standards of shares and Sukuk as well as the draft of the investment fund standard that we published for consultation in 2018, in line with the most recent developments. We have introduced significant updates to the standards based on the feedback from Shari’a scholars, bankers, legal advisors, and experts of Islamic finance as well as regulatory institutions. The main updates of the standards address the green economy that focuses on sustainability and environment protection; both are amongst the key objectives of the Islamic Shari’a. The updates cover in detail the green instruments such as Sukuk and shares as well as green investment funds. Recently, the green instruments are increasingly attracting attention across the world and they are mainly financing environment-friendly projects such as infrastructure and projects with minimal or no environment-harming emissions.”
A report by FTSE Russell on the outlook of the green economy estimated that this sector is now worth as much as the fossil fuel sector with 6% of the global stock market, roughly $4 trillion USD, coming from the clean energy, energy efficiency, water, waste and pollution services. If the sustainable economy maintains its current course, it could represent as much as 10% of the global market value by 2030, assuming around $90 USD trillion in green investment have been made by then.
It is noteworthy the updated standards also included new and amended sections about the mandatory disclosure to ensure that investors act based on highest levels of clarity. It also stipulates the necessity of forming a subscribers’ committee to monitor the activities of the fund manager in case of having a Mudaraba fund or even guiding the manger in case of having a Wakala, hence these standards are a market leader and a key guidance in this sector.