On the 19th of March 2007, the Council of Ministers approved the formation of The Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul). This was in accordance with Article-20 of the Capital Market Law establishing Tadawul as a joint stock company. Tadawul is the sole entity authorized in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to act as both the Securities Exchange (the Exchange) and the Securities Depository Centre (the Center). It mainly carries out listing and trading in securities, as well as deposit, transfer, clearing, settlement, and registry of ownership of securities traded on the Exchange. The legal status, duties, and responsibilities of the Exchange and Depository Center are explicitly defined in the Capital Market Law (CML) issued by Royal Decree Number (M/30), dated on June 16, 2003. The Exchange is also the official source of all market information.
The capital of Tadawul is SAR 1,200,000,000 divided into (120,000,000) shares of equal value of SAR 10; all of which are cash shares subscribed by the Public Investment Fund. Tadawul is an affiliate member of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), the World Federation of the Exchange of Exchanges (WFE), and the Arab Federation of Exchanges (AFE).